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Expand/Collapse SI‎(1)
Views for Image Library
620 KB
Views for Image Library.accdb
Expand/Collapse SI : 00000 General Project ‎(6)
CANDU6_Const_Sequence
AECL1079 KB
William Snook, 2001.07.20, CD to WJG, image C6 Const Sequence.pdf
CANDU6_Const_Sequence.pdfCANDU 6 Construction Sequence
Carbon_Cycle
1118 x 810211 KB
William Snook, email 2001.10.02 to WJG, image file Some_tec.pdf (2 of 8)
Carbon_Cycle.jpgGlobal Carbon Cycle Pools and Fluxes Billions of Tons and Billions of Tons /Year Global Carbon Cycle
Chapter1Supplement-image1
UNENE992 x 1274118 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 1 Appendix - Historical Background, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter1Supplement-image1.pngThumbnail Timeline of significant discoveries
Chapter6-image148
UNENE1280 x 720140 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image148.gifThumbnail Reactor generations
Genealogy_Poster
AECL1597 x 691299 KB
William Snook, 2001.07.20, CD to WJG, image 980889 Genealogy Poster.pdf
Genealogy_Poster.jpgThumbnail CANDU: The Evolution
Genealogy_slide
768 x 51293 KB
Ron Page, slide collection -> CD, volume 1-1, image 0002
Genealogy_slide.jpgThumbnail Genealogy of CANDU Reactors
Expand/Collapse SI : 03000 Engineering Science and Technology ‎(1)
Chapter13-image68
UNENE4348 x 212740 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 13, by Victor Snell, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter13-image68.emfThumbnail Atmospheric dispersion
Expand/Collapse SI : 03300 Nuclear Engineering ‎(6)
20100100_Page_35_Image_0001
AECL2023 x 1268235 KB
CANTEACH 20100100. pdf, ACR1000 Technical Description Summary, 10820-01372-230-002 Revision 1
20100100_Page_35_Image_0001.jpgThumbnail ACR-1000 Control Centre
bruce_simulator
Bruce Power900 x 721748 KB
CAE Inc. Submitted by Michael Chatlani, May 2003
bruce_simulator.jpgThumbnail Bruce Plant Simulator (Canada)
cernavoda1_simulator
SNN833 x 584533 KB
 CAE Inc. Submitted by Michael Chatlani, May 2003
cernavoda1_simulator.jpgThumbnail Cernavoda 1 Plant Simulator (Romania)
Chapter18-image1
UNENE1453 x 108261 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 18, by Mukesh Tayal and Milan Gacesa, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter18-image1.pngThumbnail Transformation of specific isotopes
qinshan_simulator
TQNPC1145 x 9001017 KB
CAE Inc. Submitted by Michael Chatlani, May 2003
qinshan_simulator.jpgThumbnail Qinshan Plant Simulator (China)
wolsong2_simulator
KHNP1122 x 9001017 KB
CAE Inc. Submitted by Michael Chatlani, May 2003
wolsong2_simulator.jpgThumbnail Wolsong 2 Plant Simulator (Canada)
Expand/Collapse SI : 10000 Site and Improvements ‎(15)
19980101_003
AECL1024 x 768268 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_003.jpgThumbnail ZEEP exterior and interior view
19980101_004
AECL1024 x 768520 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_004.jpgThumbnail Pickering G.S. site aerial view
19980102_004
AECL1024 x 768364 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_004.jpgThumbnail Pt. Lepreau Site Photo
19980102_005
AECL1024 x 768414 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_005.jpgThumbnail Wolsong Site Photo
19980102_006
AECL1024 x 768296 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_006.jpgThumbnail unknown
19980102_007
AECL1024 x 768279 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_007.jpgThumbnail Qunshan Phase III Sketch
19980104_008
AECL1024 x 768515 KB
19980104.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 4 Main Steam and T/G Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980104_008.jpgThumbnail Darlington Generating Station
19980104_011
AECL1024 x 768377 KB
19980104.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 4 Main Steam and T/G Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980104_011.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Single Unit Station Layout
20100100_Page_40_Image_0001
AECL2196 x 1547134 KB
CANTEACH 20100100. pdf, ACR1000 Technical Description Summary, 10820-01372-230-002 Revision 1
20100100_Page_40_Image_0001.jpgThumbnail ACR-1000 ACR-1000 Twin-Unit Power Block
Darlington_Layout
OPG1338 x 912352 KB
William Snook, 2001.07.20, CD to WJG, image 940188 Darlington Layout.pdf
Darlington_Layout.jpgThumbnail Darlington Layout
Darlington_Reactor
OPG788 x 944315 KB
William Snook, 2001.07.20, CD to WJG, image 940188 Darl. Reactor.pdf
Darlington_Reactor.jpgThumbnail Darlington Reactor
PickeringA
OPG3568 x 18321156 KB
David Brown, with permission.
PickeringA.jpgThumbnail Pickering A Aerial View
Russian-Chernobyl
1506 x 868326 KB
William Snook, email 2001.08.27 to WJG
Russian-Chernobyl.jpgThumbnail Russian Chernobyl
Russian-Smolensk-Plan1
1352 x 896291 KB
William Snook, email 2001.08.27 to WJG
Russian-Smolensk-Plan1.jpgThumbnail Plan of the Main Building at Smolensk
Russian-Smolensk-Plan2
1288 x 1000465 KB
William Snook, email 2001.08.27 to WJG
Russian-Smolensk-Plan2.jpgThumbnail Cross Section of the Main Building at Smolensk
Expand/Collapse SI : 20000 Buildings and Structures ‎(14)
19980101_007
AECL1024 x 768140 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_007.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 and CANDU9 reactor building layout
19980101_008
AECL1024 x 768195 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_008.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Nuclear Power Station 3D CADD rendering
19980101_017
AECL1024 x 768398 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_017.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Control Room Depiction
19980105_016
AECL1024 x 768259 KB
19980105.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 5 Special Safety Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980105_016.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Containment System
20100100_Page_46_Image_0001
AECL2602 x 2921437 KB
CANTEACH 20100100. pdf, ACR1000 Technical Description Summary, 10820-01372-230-002 Revision 1
20100100_Page_46_Image_0001.jpgThumbnail ACR-1000 Typical Modules of the ACR-1000 Reactor Building
C6-Gentilly2Photos
AECL585 KB
David Brown, with permission.
C6-Gentilly2Photos.pdfCANDU 6 Gentilly 2 Photos
Chapter13-image10
UNENE1024 x 793105 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 13, by Victor Snell, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter13-image10.jpegThumbnail ZED-2 top view
Chapter13-image12
UNENE1429 x 1271586 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 13, by Victor Snell, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter13-image12.jpegThumbnail SL-1 cutaway
Chapter13-image43
UNENE1023 x 79287 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 13, by Victor Snell, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter13-image43.jpegThumbnail Vacuum containment concept
Chapter13-image8
UNENE1544 x 1350243 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 13, by Victor Snell, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter13-image8.jpegThumbnail SES-10
Chapter13-image9
UNENE760 x 7642259 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 13, by Victor Snell, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015 
Chapter13-image9.emfThumbnail Zed-2 cutaway
Chapter6-image002
UNENE1280 x 72062 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image002.gifThumbnail Typical CANDU plant
Douglas Point 01
OPG3947 x 53505813 KB
David Brown, with permission.
Douglas Point 01.pngThumbnail Douglas Point Reactor Building - Looking South-West
Douglas Point 02
OPG4064 x 55596320 KB
David Brown, with permission.
Douglas Point 02.pngThumbnail Douglas Point Reactor Building - Looking North-East
Expand/Collapse SI : 30000 Reactor, Steam Generators and Auxiliaries ‎(10)
BruceA-CalandriaFabrication
Individual Contributions7427 KB
David Brown, with permission.
BruceA-CalandriaFabrication.pdfBruce A Calandria and Shield Tank
Bruce A Calandria and Shield Tank during construction at Canadian Vickers, 1971-73
BruceA-Reactor
OPG2025 x 2550218 KB
David Brown, with permission.
BruceA-Reactor.gifThumbnail Bruce A Reactor Cutaway Illustration
Chapter13-image14
UNENE1368 x 17189174 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 13, by Victor Snell, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter13-image14.emfThumbnail NRX elevation
Chapter1-image10
UNENE1288 x 593124 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 1 by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter1-image10.jpegThumbnail Simplified nuclear plant flow diagram
Chapter1-image5
UNENE1161 x 12885832 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 1 by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter1-image5.emfThumbnail Boiling Water Reactor
Diagrammatic cross section of a typical BWR (Boiling Water Reactor)
Chapter1-image6
UNENE1336 x 13767171 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 1 by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter1-image6.emfThumbnail Typical PWR
Diagrammatic cross section of a typical Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR)
Chapter1-image7
UNENE1785 x 147410265 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 1 by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter1-image7.emfThumbnail Typical PHWR (CANDU)
Diagrammatic cross section of a typical Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR) (CANDU)
Chapter1-image8
UNENE1767 x 12468589 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 1 by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter1-image8.emfThumbnail Typical Advanced Gas Cooled Reactor (AGR)
Diagrammatic cross section of a typical Advanced Gas Cooled Reactor (AGR)
Chapter1-image9
UNENE1802 x 1214284 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 1 by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter1-image9.jpegThumbnail Typical RBMK
Diagrammatic cross section of a typical BRMK (LGR) - liquid graphite reactor
Chapter8-image14
UNENE1287 x 767164 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 8, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter8-image14.jpegThumbnail HTS schematic
Diagrammatic arrangement of figure-of-eight heat transport system
Expand/Collapse SI : 31000 Reactor ‎(54)
19980101_009
AECL1024 x 768286 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_009.jpgThumbnail CANDU - PWR Core Comparison
19980101_011
AECL1024 x 768228 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_011.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Reactor Assembly
19980101_012
AECL1024 x 768166 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_012.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Reactor Assembly
19980101_013
AECL1024 x 768148 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_013.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 On-Power Fuelling
19980101_014
AECL1024 x 768308 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_014.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 - Unique Features
19980101_015
AECL1024 x 768102 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_015.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 On-Power Refuelling
19980101_016
AECL1024 x 76875 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_016.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Thin-walled reator vessel.
19980102_002
AECL1024 x 768275 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_002.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Calandria
19980102_008
AECL1024 x 768547 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_008.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Reactor Face
Feeder Cabinet, Feeder Pipes, Fuel Channels, Fuelling Machine
Bridge Assembly
19980102_009
AECL1024 x 768338 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_009.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Fuel Channel
19980102_010
AECL1024 x 768205 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_010.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Closure Plug, feeder Connection
19980102_011
AECL1024 x 768272 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_011.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Reactor Channel Positioning Assembly
19980102_012
AECL1024 x 768411 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_012.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Reactor Tubesheet Region
19980102_013
AECL1024 x 768239 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_013.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Reactor Channel - Spacer, Calandria Tube Connection
19980103_002
AECL1024 x 768491 KB
19980103.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 3 Moderator, HTS, Heavy Water,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980103_002.jpgThumbnail Wolsong Calandria in Shipping
19980103_012
AECL1024 x 768458 KB
19980103.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 3 Moderator, HTS, Heavy Water,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980103_012.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Reactor Face
19980105_003
AECL1024 x 768371 KB
19980105.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 5 Special Safety Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980105_003.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Reactor Assembly
19980105_004
AECL1024 x 768375 KB
19980105.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 5 Special Safety Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980105_004.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Reactor End View
19980105_005
AECL1024 x 768245 KB
19980105.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 5 Special Safety Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980105_005.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Reacto Side View
19980105_006
AECL1024 x 768237 KB
19980105.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 5 Special Safety Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980105_006.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Reactor Top View
19980105_007
AECL1024 x 768254 KB
19980105.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 5 Special Safety Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980105_007.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Reactivity Mechanisms deck
19980105_008
AECL1024 x 768236 KB
19980105.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 5 Special Safety Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980105_008.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Adjuster Rod Drive
19980105_009
AECL1024 x 768166 KB
19980105.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 5 Special Safety Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980105_009.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Shutoff Rod
19980105_011
AECL1024 x 768342 KB
19980105.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 5 Special Safety Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980105_011.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Safety Shutdown Systems
19980105_012
AECL1024 x 768350 KB
19980105.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 5 Special Safety Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980105_012.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Safety Shutdown Systems
19980105_014
AECL1024 x 768279 KB
19980105.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 5 Special Safety Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980105_014.jpgThumbnail CANDU Reactor Lattice Cell
20100100_Page_12_Image_0001
AECL1598 x 1283140 KB
CANTEACH 20100100. pdf, ACR1000 Technical Description Summary, 10820-01372-230-002 Revision 1
20100100_Page_12_Image_0001.jpgThumbnail ACR-1000 Reactor Assembly
20100100_Page_13_Image_0001
AECL1599 x 1121177 KB
CANTEACH 20100100. pdf, ACR1000 Technical Description Summary, 10820-01372-230-002 Revision 1
20100100_Page_13_Image_0001.jpgThumbnail ACR-1000 Fuel Channel Assembly
20100100_Page_23_Image_0001
AECL1195 x 946106 KB
CANTEACH 20100100. pdf, ACR1000 Technical Description Summary, 10820-01372-230-002 Revision 1
20100100_Page_23_Image_0001.jpgThumbnail ACR-1000 Shutdown System No. 1 - Shutoff Units
BruceA-FC-LinerLatch
OPG3202 KB
David Brown, with permission.
BruceA-FC-LinerLatch.pdfBruce A Fuel Channel Liner Latch
A collection of photos showing the Brice A fuel channel liner latch.
BruceAUnit3WestSideFC
OPG172 KB
David Brown, with permission.
BruceAUnit3WestSideFC.pdfBruce A Unit 3 West Side Fuel Channel
Bruce-B-FC section
OPG682 KB
David Brown, with permission.
Bruce-B-FC section.pdfBruce B Fuel Channel Section
BruceB-FC-Comparison
OPG997 KB
David Brown, with permission.
BruceB-FC-Comparison.pdfBruce B - CANDU 6 Fuel Channel comparison
C6 FC Section
AECL340 KB
David Brown, with permission.
C6 FC Section.pdfCANDU 6 Fuel Channel Section
CANDU6_Reactor_Assembly
AECL686 x 876216 KB
William Snook, email 2001.10.02 to WJG image file Some_tec.pdf (8 of 8)
CANDU6_Reactor_Assembly.jpgThumbnail CANDU 6 Reactor Assembly
Chapter1-image1
UNENE814 x 1052112 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 1 by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter1-image1.jpegThumbnail Nuclei - stable and unstable
Range of stable and unstable nuclides
Chapter1-image2
UNENE1104 x 95367 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 1 by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter1-image2.jpegThumbnail Binding Energy
Figure 2 Binding Energy per nucleon
Chapter1-image4
UNENE1074 x 674108 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 1 by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter1-image4.jpegThumbnail Nuclear reactor components
Chapter21-image009
UNENE820 x 726195 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 21 by Benjamin Rouben, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2016
Chapter21-image009.jpgThumbnail CANDU Basic Lattice Cell
Figure 2 Face View of the CANDU Basic Lattice Cell
Chapter21-image010
UNENE930 x 797175 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 21 by Benjamin Rouben, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2016
Chapter21-image010.jpgThumbnail Supercell
Figure 3 Supercell for Calculation of Device Incremental Cross Sections
Chapter2-image18
UNENE802 x 31077 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 2, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter2-image18.jpegThumbnail Comparison of core sizes
Chapter3-image3
UNENE3129 x 2738368 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 1 by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter3-image3.emfThumbnail U cross section
Figure 3 Fission and absorption characteristics of uranium
Chapter8-image2
UNENE624 x 46960 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 8, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter8-image2.jpegThumbnail Feeder tube assembly on reactor face
Darlington End Fittings
OPG1368 x 2100474 KB
David Brown, with permission.
Darlington End Fittings.jpgThumbnail Darlington End Fittings
Darlington FC original
OPG565 KB
David Brown, with permission.
Darlington FC original.pdfDarlington Fuel Channel
Darlington lattice site
OPG3108 x 73980 KB
David Brown, with permission.
Darlington lattice site.pngThumbnail Darlington Lattice Site
Darlington rolled joint
OPG1795 x 108165 KB
David Brown, with permission.
Darlington rolled joint.pngThumbnail Darlington Rolled Joint
Douglas Point 03
OPG3736 x 55284922 KB
David Brown, with permission.
Douglas Point 03.pngThumbnail Douglas Point Reactor Core
Douglas Point 04
OPG3736 x 26891567 KB
David Brown, with permission.
Douglas Point 04.pngThumbnail Douglas Point Coolant Assembly
Douglas Point fuel changing
OPG5651 x 43913183 KB
David Brown, with permission.
Douglas Point fuel changing.pngThumbnail Douglas Point fuel changing
fuel bundle support
OPG1597 x 93271 KB
David Brown, with permission.
fuel bundle support.pngThumbnail Darlington Fuel Bundle Shift
Darlington: fuel bundle support on the inlet end at start of life at Darlington.  As the pressure tube elongates due to induced creep and growth, the force of the coolant flow pushes the fuel string towards the outlet, and the inlet fuel bundle slides to the right.
NPD_Reactor_Cutaway
1114 x 1000354 KB
William Snook, email 2001.08.09 to WJG, image Cutaway_.pdf
NPD_Reactor_Cutaway.jpgThumbnail Cut-Away of NPD
PickeringB-FC
OPG618 KB
David Brown, with permission.
PickeringB-FC.pdfPickering B Fuel Channel
WR-1_Reactor_Cutaway
655 x 857232 KB
William Snook, email 2001.08.09 to WJG, image WR-1_Rea.pdf
WR-1_Reactor_Cutaway.jpgThumbnail WR 1 Reactor Cut-Away
Expand/Collapse SI : 32000 Moderator System ‎(7)
19980103_003
AECL1024 x 768182 KB
19980103.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 3 Moderator, HTS, Heavy Water,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980103_003.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Moderator
19980103_005
AECL1024 x 768193 KB
19980103.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 3 Moderator, HTS, Heavy Water,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980103_005.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Moderator Flow in Calandria
19980103_006
AECL1024 x 768180 KB
19980103.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 3 Moderator, HTS, Heavy Water,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980103_006.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Moderator System
19980103_007
AECL1024 x 768574 KB
19980103.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 3 Moderator, HTS, Heavy Water,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980103_007.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Moderator System 3D CADD rendering
CANDU_Moderator_Flowsheet
2000 x 1000168 KB
William Snook, email 2001.10.02 to WJG image file Some_tec.pdf (6 of 8)
CANDU_Moderator_Flowsheet.jpgThumbnail CANDU Moderator Flowsheet
Test
Chapter2-image2
UNENE908 x 1228350 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 2,8 &9, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter2-image2.jpegThumbnail Moderator and coolant circuits
Chapter8-image3
UNENE1265 x 1038164 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 8, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter8-image3.jpegThumbnail Moderator cooling and purification system
Expand/Collapse SI : 32200 Moderator Purification System ‎(1)
19980103_004
AECL1024 x 768310 KB
19980103.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 3 Moderator, HTS, Heavy Water,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25 
19980103_004.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Moderator Sub-systems
Expand/Collapse SI : 32700 Moderator Liquid Poison System ‎(1)
19980105_010
AECL1024 x 768294 KB
19980105.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 5 Special Safety Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980105_010.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Liquid Poison Injection Tube
Expand/Collapse SI : 33000 Primary Heat Transport System ‎(23)
19980101_002
AECL1024 x 768142 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_002.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 - Heat Transport System, PHWR - PWR Comparison
19980103_009
AECL1024 x 768360 KB
19980103.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 3 Moderator, HTS, Heavy Water,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980103_009.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Steam Generator
19980103_010
AECL1024 x 768255 KB
19980103.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 3 Moderator, HTS, Heavy Water,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980103_010.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Heat Transport System
19980103_011
AECL1024 x 768561 KB
19980103.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 3 Moderator, HTS, Heavy Water,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980103_011.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Heat Transport System 3D CADD rendering
20100100_Page_11_Image_0001
AECL372 x 34023 KB
CANTEACH 20100100. pdf, ACR1000 Technical Description Summary, 10820-01372-230-002 Revision 1
20100100_Page_11_Image_0001.jpgThumbnail ACR-1000 Nuclear Systems Schematic
20100100_Page_15_Image_0001
AECL1428 x 1726147 KB
CANTEACH 20100100. pdf, ACR1000 Technical Description Summary, 10820-01372-230-002 Revision 1
20100100_Page_15_Image_0001.jpgThumbnail ACR-1000 Heat Transport System Layout
20100100_Page_16_Image_0001
AECL2555 x 741163 KB
CANTEACH 20100100. pdf, ACR1000 Technical Description Summary, 10820-01372-230-002 Revision 1
20100100_Page_16_Image_0001.jpgThumbnail ACR-1000 Headers/Upper Feeders Modules
CANDU_HTS_Shutdown_Cooling
1364 x 886190 KB
William Snook, email 2001.10.02 to WJG image file Some_tec.pdf (5 of 8)
CANDU_HTS_Shutdown_Cooling.jpgThumbnail Heat Transport System
Chapter13-image47
UNENE428 x 482160 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 13, by Victor Snell, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter13-image47.jpegThumbnail RD-14M schematic
Chapter13-image53
UNENE763 x 7431255 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 13, by Victor Snell, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter13-image53.pngThumbnail HTS layout
Chapter6-image003a
UNENE1280 x 72069 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image003a.gifThumbnail CANDU 6 primary and shutdown cooling loops
Chapter6-image003b
UNENE1280 x 720132 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image003b.gifThumbnail CANDU 6 cooling loops in containment - 3D view
Chapter6-image004a
UNENE1280 x 720138 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image004a.gifThumbnail Typical CANDU reactor and heat transport system
Chapter6-image004b
UNENE1280 x 72050 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image004b.gifThumbnail Typical CANDU fuel channel
Chapter6-image011
UNENE1280 x 72041 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image011.gifThumbnail Nuclear Power Demonstration (NPD) heat transport system
Chapter6-image012
UNENE1280 x 72028 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image012.gifThumbnail Douglas Point heat transport system
Chapter6-image013
UNENE1280 x 72045 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image013.gifThumbnail Pickering A heat transport system
Chapter6-image014
UNENE1280 x 72053 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image014.gifThumbnail Bruce heat transport system
Chapter6-image015
UNENE1280 x 72052 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image015.gifThumbnail Darlington heat transport system
Chapter6-image016
UNENE1280 x 72060 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image016.gifThumbnail ACR-1000 heat transport system
Chapter6-image017
UNENE1280 x 720126 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image017.gifThumbnail CANDU BLW heat transport system
Chapter6-image018
UNENE1280 x 720107 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image018.gifThumbnail CANDU OCR heat transport system
Chapter8-image13
UNENE470 x 72442 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 8, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter8-image13.jpegThumbnail Simplified heat transport and moderator circuits
Expand/Collapse SI : 33100 Main Heat Transport System ‎(8)
19980103_008
AECL1024 x 768190 KB
19980103.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 3 Moderator, HTS, Heavy Water,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980103_008.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Steam Generator
970822-111 Fig 8.6
634 x 920180 KB
William Snook, 2001.07.20, CD to WJG, image 980889 Genealogy Poster.pdf
970822-111 Fig 8.6.jpgThumbnail Steam Generator for 600 MW(e) N.P.S.
Chapter2-image12
UNENE539 x 90281 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 2, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter2-image12.jpegThumbnail Steam generator for CANDU system
Chapter6-image009
UNENE1280 x 720111 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image009.gifThumbnail Typical primary pump design
Chapter6-image010
UNENE1280 x 72066 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image010.gifThumbnail CANDU steam generator design evolution
Chapter8-image18
UNENE2002 x 1418126 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 8, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter8-image18.jpegThumbnail SG heat duty diagram
Temperature vs. distance through the steam generator.
Chapter8-image19
UNENE539 x 91696 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 8, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter8-image19.jpegThumbnail PWR SG
Steam generator for PWR.
Stm_Gen
614 x 874122 KB
William Snook, 2001.07.20, CD to WJG, image 970678-2 Stm Gen.pdf
Stm_Gen.jpgThumbnail CANDU Steam Generator
Expand/Collapse SI : 33300 Primary Heat Transport Auxiliaries ‎(5)
19980103_013
AECL1024 x 768325 KB
19980103.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 3 Moderator, HTS, Heavy Water,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980103_013.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Heat Transport System Auxiliaries
19980103_014
AECL1024 x 768283 KB
19980103.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 3 Moderator, HTS, Heavy Water,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980103_014.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 D2O Management
Chapter15-image2
UNENE470 x 42620 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 15, by William Cook and Derek Lister, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter15-image2.pngThumbnail PHT purification loop
Simplified flow diagram of a PHT purification loop.
Chapter6-image008
UNENE1280 x 72077 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image008.gifThumbnail Typical pressurizer design
Chapter8-image15
UNENE1358 x 1077246 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 8, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter8-image15.jpegThumbnail HTS purification schematic
Heat transport purification and feed system
Expand/Collapse SI : 33400 Cooling Systems ‎(5)
19980105_013
AECL1024 x 768351 KB
19980105.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 5 Special Safety Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980105_013.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Emergency Core Cooling Systems
CANDU_SDS2_Flowsheet
897 x 686124 KB
William Snook, email 2001.10.02 to WJG image file Some_tec.pdf (7 of 8)
CANDU_SDS2_Flowsheet.jpgThumbnail CANDU SDS2 Flowsheet
Chapter13-image38
UNENE1429 x 1060204 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 13, by Victor Snell, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter13-image38.jpegThumbnail Shutdown cooling system
Chapter8-image16
UNENE1930 x 1611182 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 8, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter8-image16.jpegThumbnail SDCS
Shutdown cooling system
Chapter8-image8
UNENE1023 x 901151 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 8, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter8-image8.jpegThumbnail Shutdown Cooling System 2(SDS2)
Expand/Collapse SI : 35000 Fuel Transfer and Storage ‎(29)
19980102_014
AECL1024 x 768672 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_014.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Fuelling Machine
19980102_015
AECL1024 x 768284 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_015.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Fuel Flow Pathway
19980102_016
AECL1024 x 768444 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_016.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 - Fuelling Systems
Chapter19-image004
UNENE624 x 55434 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 19, by Mukesh Tayal and Milan Gacesa, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter19-image004.jpgThumbnail Flow of fuel through a CANDU reactor
Chapter19-image005
UNENE434 x 51442 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 19, by Mukesh Tayal and Milan Gacesa, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter19-image005.jpgThumbnail A typical Irradiated Fuel Bay
Chapter19-image006
UNENE624 x 37127 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 19, by Mukesh Tayal and Milan Gacesa, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter19-image006.jpgThumbnail Overview of MACSTOR
Chapter19-image007
UNENE624 x 43034 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 19, by Mukesh Tayal and Milan Gacesa, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter19-image007.jpgThumbnail Basket for dry storage of fuel
Chapter19-image008
UNENE624 x 61934 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 19, by Mukesh Tayal and Milan Gacesa, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter19-image008.jpgThumbnail Concept of a Deep Geological Repository
Chapter19-image009
UNENE643 x 40151 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 19, by Mukesh Tayal and Milan Gacesa, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter19-image009.pngThumbnail Containers for permanent disposal of irradiated fuel
Chapter20-image001
UNENE1320 x 944370 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image001.jpgThumbnail Fuel Handling
Figure 1 Fuel handling and storage system
Chapter20-image002
UNENE1406 x 1240250 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image002.jpgThumbnail Fuel Handling
Figure 2 Fuel handling and storage sequence
Chapter20-image003
UNENE1792 x 1189544 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image003.jpgThumbnail Fuel Transfer
Figure 3 New fuel transfer equipment
Chapter20-image004
UNENE1842 x 1050387 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image004.jpgThumbnail Fuel Transfer
Figure 4 New fuel transfer mechanism
Chapter20-image005
UNENE1320 x 996312 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image005.jpgThumbnail Fuel Changing
Figure 5 Fuel changing equipment
Chapter20-image006
UNENE1320 x 954254 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image006.jpgThumbnail Fuelling machine head
Figure 6 Fuelling machine head
Chapter20-image007
UNENE1794 x 1318690 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image007.jpgThumbnail Fuelling Machine
Figure 7 Front end of fuelling machine
Chapter20-image008
UNENE1503 x 1724463 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image008.jpgThumbnail Ram Assembly
Figure 8 Ram assembly – exploded view
Chapter20-image009
UNENE1433 x 1858769 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image009.jpgThumbnail Ram Adapter
Figure 9 Ram adapter and operation
Chapter20-image010
UNENE1756 x 1289619 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image010.jpgThumbnail Fuelling Machine Snout Plug
Figure 10 Fuelling machine snout plug
Chapter20-image011
UNENE1320 x 1747590 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image011.jpgThumbnail Carriage Assembly
Figure 11 Carriage assembly
Chapter20-image012
UNENE1320 x 1626562 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image012.jpgThumbnail Fuel Changing Sequence
Figure 12 Fuel changing sequence
Chapter20-image013
UNENE1917 x 2397595 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image013.jpgThumbnail Spent Fuel Discharge Equipment
Figure 13 Spent fuel discharge equipment
Chapter20-image014
UNENE2557 x 2002707 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image014.jpgThumbnail Spent Fuel Transfer Equipment
Figure 14 Spent fuel transfer equipment
Chapter20-image015
UNENE1452 x 1826483 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 20 by Diane Damario, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2017
Chapter20-image015.jpgThumbnail Failed fuel Canning Equipment
Figure 15 Failed fuel canning equipment
Chapter8-image10
UNENE790 x 701399 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 8, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter8-image10.jpegThumbnail Reactor face with fueling machine
Chapter8-image11
UNENE1059 x 1050247 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 8, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter8-image11.jpegThumbnail Typical refueling machine and bridge
Chapter8-image12
UNENE968 x 896220 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 8, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter8-image12.jpegThumbnail Orientation of refueling machine with respect to reactor
Douglas Point fuelling machine
OPG4195 x 30001966 KB
David Brown, with permission.
Douglas Point fuelling machine.pngThumbnail Douglas Point Fuelling Machine
NPD-FM-Drawings-Hayter
OPG5968 KB
Estate of Gregg Hayter.  Donald (Gregg) MacGregor Hayter, d. June 7, 2014. Nuclear Engineer, first with AECL, then with Ontario Hydro, retired 1993.
  
NPD-FM-Drawings-Hayter.pdfNPD Fueling Machine Drawings
Miscellaneous NPD Fueling Machine Drawings - overall system and components.  48 drawings in all, circa 1960.
Expand/Collapse SI : 37000 Fuel ‎(75)
19980101_018
AECL1024 x 768129 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_018.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Fuel in Fuel Channel
19980101_019
AECL1024 x 768321 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_019.jpgThumbnail PWR Fuel Bundle
19980101_020
AECL1024 x 768300 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_020.jpgThumbnail CANDU Fuel Bundle - 37 Element
19980101_021
AECL1024 x 768245 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_021.jpgThumbnail CANDU Fuel Bundle - 37 Element
19980101_022
AECL1024 x 768298 KB
19980101.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 1 Comparison of PHWR and PWR,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980101_022.jpgThumbnail CANDU Fuel Bundle - 37 Element
20100100_Page_14_Image_0001
AECL1275 x 95990 KB
CANTEACH 20100100. pdf, ACR1000 Technical Description Summary, 10820-01372-230-002 Revision 1
20100100_Page_14_Image_0001.jpgThumbnail ACR-1000 CANFLEX ACR Fuel Bundle
Chapter13-image13
UNENE385 x 265163 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 13, by Victor Snell, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter13-image13.emfThumbnail NRX fuel section cross section
Chapter17-image1
UNENE774 x 542128 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 17, by Mukesh Tayal and Milan Gacesa, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter17-image1.pngThumbnail 37-element CANDU fuel bundle
Chapter2-image17
UNENE659 x 38271 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 2, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter2-image17.jpegThumbnail ACR CANFLEX fuel bundles
Chapter6-image004c
UNENE1280 x 720130 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image004c.gifThumbnail Typical CANDU fuel bundle
Douglas Point fuel 01
OPG3736 x 26471421 KB
David Brown, with permission.
Douglas Point fuel 01.pngThumbnail Douglas Point Fuel Bundle
Douglas Point fuel 02
OPG4268 x 20112365 KB
David Brown, with permission.
Douglas Point fuel 02.pngThumbnail Douglas Point Fuel Bundle
Douglas Point fuel 03
OPG3496 x 27511658 KB
David Brown, with permission.
Douglas Point fuel 03.pngThumbnail Douglas Point Fuel Bundle - Cross Section
fig000_AECL_Symbol_Pick_28
AECL1093 x 1293198 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.14 to WJG
fig000_AECL_Symbol_Pick_28.jpgThe figures denoted by AECL Symbol
The figures denoted by 37000-fuel below form a "Historical and Pictorial Record of Canada's Power Reactor Fuel Bundle Design and Development", edited by R.D. Page and A.J. Langdon, photography by C. Baskin, CRNL. This pictorial record of Canada's power reactor fuel bundles was prepared to historically record the evolution of the power reactor fuel over the years. No one report issued over the years has been able to describe in detail the various changes that these pictures portray. It should be noted that the record does not include WR-1 type fuel or special irradiation of assemblies. "A picture speaks a thousand words".
fig001_3_inch_end_of_19_el_bundle
AECL1402 x 782122 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig001_3_inch_end_of_19_el_bundle.jpgThumbnail End-Plates of the First 3 Inch Diameter Fuel Bundles
This is a photo of the end-plates of the first 3 inch diameter fuel bundles. These were the first 19 element fuel bundles built in Canada and irradiated in the E-20 loop (now U-2) in the NRU reactor. They had to have a diameter of 3 inches to fit in the thick wall pressure tube installed in the E-20 loop to commission it. As the knowledge of the material properties of Zircaloy-2 was not well known at that time, the wall thickness was increased to be conservative. The bundles were assembled by screws as the method of welding the end-plates had not been developed. (circa 1959-60).
fig002_NPD_7_el_Riveted
AECL1224 x 1209152 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig002_NPD_7_el_Riveted.jpgThumbnail NPD-7 Element End View
This is an end view of one of the first NPD 7-element fuel bundles. They were assembled by riveting the elements to the thick end-plates. Later Tungsten-Inert-Gas (TIG) welding was used and later resistance welding to thinner end-plates, thus improving the neutron efficiency of the fuel.
fig003_NPD_7_el_Riveted_Long
AECL1396 x 108990 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig003_NPD_7_el_Riveted_Long.jpgThumbnail NPD-7 Element Riveted
This NPD 7 element riveted bundle is in its classic autoclave black.
fig004_NPD_7_end_welded
AECL832 x 89074 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig004_NPD_7_end_welded.jpgThumbnail NPD-7 Element End View
This end plate on the NPD 7 is now assembled by TIG welding to a thinner end plate.
fig005_NPD_7_long
AECL1140 x 74470 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig005_NPD_7_long.jpgThumbnail NPD-7 Element T.I.G. Welded
In some colour photos the rusty colour on the surface of fuel bundles is from endurance testing in the lab and comes from the iron oxide from the carbon steel piping, even though the bundles rested in a Zircaloy pressure tube.
fig006_NPD_19_end
AECL1104 x 1099135 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig006_NPD_19_end.jpgThumbnail NPD 19 Element End View
The end view of a NPD 19 element assembled by TIG welding.
fig007_NPD_19_element
AECL1384 x 67982 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig007_NPD_19_element.jpgThumbnail NPD 19 Element
The 19 elements are spaced by two wires wrapped around each elements and spot welded to the sheaths, one turn per length of element.
fig008_Douglas_Point_19 el_wire_wrap
AECL1390 x 71086 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig008_Douglas_Point_19 el_wire_wrap.jpgThumbnail Douglas Point 19-Element Wire Wrap
The Douglas point 19 element bundles were wire wrapped but the helix around the element was doubled. Thicker wires were attached at each end to act as bearing pads so the bundles could slide through the pressure tubes with minimum wear to the tubes.
fig009_DP_19_el_Colour
AECL1119 x 77666 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig009_DP_19_el_Colour.jpgThumbnail Douglas Point 19-Element Wire Wrap
An example of the DP 19 element bundle covered in the iron oxide and showing the extra wire pads which are partially ground to a flat surface contoured to fit the pressure tube.
fig010_NPD-DP_19_Element
AECL1284 x 1103154 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig010_NPD-DP_19_Element.jpgThumbnail NPD and DP 19 Element Wire Wrap
A comparison of the NPD & DP 19 element bundles. Note that the DP bundle now assembled by resistance welded of end plates to the elements.
fig011_AMF_Twisted_Tape_Brazed_19_el
AECL1336 x 65178 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig011_AMF_Twisted_Tape_Brazed_19_el.jpgThumbnail AMF Brazed Twisted Tape 19 Element
During the development of the wire wrapped 19 element bundles for Douglas Point, there was growing concern of the possibility of inter-element fretting of the thin .015 in. thick fuel sheaths. A study was launched to come up with different ways of spacing the elements and also to delete the end plates. The following bundles are an illustration of what were considered. The first example is the twisted tape bundle for so-called better mixing. The center element was made strong enough to take the fueling machine loads and the outer elements were recessed for the fueling machine side stops. Did not graduate.
fig012_Welded_Belly_Band_AMF_bundle
AECL1411 x 789108 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig012_Welded_Belly_Band_AMF_bundle.jpgThumbnail Welded-Belly Banded AMF Bundle
Another design during this period was held together by belly bands and used welded spacers. Did not graduate. AMF stands for American Machine and Foundry who was contracted to produce Uranium metal fuel for NRX and NRU Research reactors at Chalk River. They were later bought out by Canadian Westinghouse.
fig013_Early_AMF_Brazed_Bundle
AECL1371 x 45058 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig013_Early_AMF_Brazed_Bundle.jpgThumbnail Early Brazed - AMF 19 Element
Another design using brazing of the ferrule spacers to the elements were tried. Again did not graduate. But Zr-Be brazing was introduced.
fig014_Domed_End_Cap_Brazed_AMF_Bundle
AECL1363 x 89490 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig014_Domed_End_Cap_Brazed_AMF_Bundle.jpgThumbnail Domed End Cap Brazed AMF Bundle
To reduce the amount of Zircaloy in the end caps of the elements, thin domed end caps brazed to the sheath were tried. They had insulating pellets inside. The bundle was assembled with two planes of fixed spacers and bearing pads on the outside elements. All brazed to the sheath using both resistance heating and induction heating to melt the braze alloy.
fig015_Domed_End_Cap_End_View_with_fixed_brazed spacers
AECL1130 x 1108106 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig015_Domed_End_Cap_End_View_with_fixed_brazed spacers.jpgThumbnail Domed End Cap End View
The end view of the above bundle with fixed brazed spacers and domed end caps.
fig016_Two_Fixed_Plane_Brazed_AMF_19el_Bundle
AECL1375 x 75780 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig016_Two_Fixed_Plane_Brazed_AMF_19el_Bundle.jpgThumbnail 2 Fixed Plane Resistance Brazed 19 Element AMF
This bundle has two planes of spacers. The domed end caps have been replaced by normal solid ones to better survive the fueling machine side stop loads and remove the need of brazing the elements ends. The bearing pads were now standard.
fig017_End_View_2_Fixed_Plane_Brazed_19 el
AECL1091 x 106093 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig017_End_View_2_Fixed_Plane_Brazed_19 el.jpgThumbnail 2 Fixed Plane Brazed AMF 19 Element End View
The end view of the same bundle. The chamfer on the end caps was to accommodate the chamfer on the side stops.
fig018_DP_Brazed_Dev_Replacement_Bundle
AECL1367 x 72796 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig018_DP_Brazed_Dev_Replacement_Bundle.jpgThumbnail D.P. Replacement Brazed Split Spacer
After a number of defects during irradiation in NRU the design was abandoned and end plates were reintroduced. This bundle had no spacing and was not irradiate.
fig019_DP_ Dev_small_mid_plane_Bearing_Pads
AECL1383 x 88488 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig019_DP_ Dev_small_mid_plane_Bearing_Pads.jpgThumbnail D.P. Development Brazed Split Spacer
The design of the replacement bundle for Douglas Point and NPD was slowly beginning to make progress. The fixed plane was dropped and replaced with a split spacer and a small pad in the center plane only. Thus the elements could now expand independently.
fig020_Tube-in-Shell_Vib_Compacted_Bundle
AECL1386 x 75064 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig020_Tube-in-Shell_Vib_Compacted_Bundle.jpgThumbnail Tube in Shell
Whilst all this development was going on a radical bundle design was tried. It was called the Tube-in Shell bundle. Instead of passing the heavy water coolant over and around the fuel, it was decided to try passing the cooling water through the fuel. This bundle was filled with vibratory compacted UO2 powder, thus it had relatively low Uranium density compared to the sintered pellets. It was all brazed in assembly which was very difficult. After two defects during irradiation the design was dropped from further development. It had a major weakness with respect to heat transfer, the coolant tubes had excellent heat removal but the eccentric outer annulus was very poor.
fig021_End_View_Tube-in-Shell
AECL1171 x 1129133 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig021_End_View_Tube-in-Shell.jpgThumbnail End View Tube in Shell
This an end view of the Tube-in-Shell bundle. The traces of the braze alloy are evident around the tube ends.
fig022_DP_Brazed_Split_Spacer_Development_Bundle
AECL1134 x 78474 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig022_DP_Brazed_Split_Spacer_Development_Bundle.jpgThumbnail D.P. Replacement Brazed Split Spacer
The design has now matured and the spilt-spacers are now canted to prevent interlocking and a full length bearing pad has been added in the center plane. This bundle has seen endurance testing in the Sheridan Park loop and the braze alloy has a higher corrosion rate than the normal Zircaloy, thus the white appearance at the joints of the bearing pads.
fig023_DP_19_el_End_View
AECL1213 x 1128128 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig023_DP_19_el_End_View.jpgThumbnail Douglas Point 19-Element End View
This is a Westinghouse made bundle after they took over from AMF. Note the grounding electrode marks on the end caps from resistance welding of the end plate to the elements.
fig024_CGE_Development_bundles
AECL1404 x 856124 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig024_CGE_Development_bundles.jpgThumbnail Development Bundles
These end views are of two CGE development bundles where the use of welded bearing pads and spacers were tried. Also a variant of the end plate in two pieces. Note that the inner element caps are flat. This design did not go into production.
fig025_DP_Production_Brazed_split_spacer
AECL1397 x 75777 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig025_DP_Production_Brazed_split_spacer.jpgThumbnail D.P. Production Brazed Split Spacer
The final production bundle was a brazed split spacer design with three planes of bearing pads. This design of bundle was used as replacement fuel for both Douglas Point and NPD power reactors in Canada. It was also used in Kanupp, Pakistan and Rapp I & II, India.
fig026_NPD_7-19-DP_Brazed_Split_Spacer
AECL1297 x 991117 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig026_NPD_7-19-DP_Brazed_Split_Spacer.jpgThumbnail NPD-7, D.P. 19 Wire Wrap and D.P. 19 Brazed Split Spacer
fig027_NPD_7-19_DP_19_and_spilt_spacer_bundle
AECL1392 x 643110 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.19 to WJG
fig027_NPD_7-19_DP_19_and_spilt_spacer_bundle.jpgThumbnail NPD-7 W.W., NPD-19 Douglas Point-19 W.W. D.P. 19, 3 Fixed Plane DP-19 Split Spacer
fig101_Early_wire_wrap_28_el
AECL1351 x 98595 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig101_Early_wire_wrap_28_el.jpgThumbnail Wire Wrap 28 Element - Development
During the development of the replacement D.P. design there were two other reactor fuel projects being developed. They were fuel bundles for Pickering A and Gentilly - 1 Boiling Light Water (BLW) reactors. Both these reactors were going to use 4 inch diameter pressure tubes vs the 3.25 inch of D.P. & NPD. Keeping the same size of elements as the D.P. 19 and .050 inch spacing between elements, the 28 element Pickering design was developed. CGE still preferred the wire warp rather than the toxic Beryllium braze. This wire wrap design was not favoured.
fig102_End_view_28_el_wire_wrap
AECL1236 x 1113115 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig102_End_view_28_el_wire_wrap.jpgThumbnail Wire Wrap 28 Element End View
The end plate for the 28 element Pickering bundle took many forms which are illustrated in the following photos.
fig103_28_el_dev_bundle_Flexible_spacers
AECL1322 x 94497 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig103_28_el_dev_bundle_Flexible_spacers.jpgThumbnail 28 Element Development Bundle Flexible Spacer
CGE tried very hard to come up with a satisfactory design using only welding as the means of assembly. The angled bearing pads were welded at two points. The flexible spacer did not survive irradiation or endurance testing. The lack of redundancy in the bearing pads received a negative point in the design review. The end plate design changed again.
fig104_28_el_welded_Dev_Bundle
AECL1325 x 92485 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig104_28_el_welded_Dev_Bundle.jpgThumbnail 28 Element Development Bundle
28 element with welded spacers and bearing pads. Note that one of the pads welds have failed and the pad is missing. Note two piece end plate.
fig105_28_el_dev_bundle_end_view
AECL1305 x 1219127 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig105_28_el_dev_bundle_end_view.jpgThumbnail 28 Element Development Bundle End View
A close up of the two piece end plate on the welded 28 element development bundle.
fig106_CGE_28_el_straight_welded_bearing_pads_dev_bundle
AECL1380 x 98590 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig106_CGE_28_el_straight_welded_bearing_pads_dev_bundle.jpgThumbnail 28 Element Development Bundle Welded Bearing Pads
CGE still trying to develop the welded 28 element bundle, now with welded straight pads and more than one plane of inter-element spacers. Single piece end plate.
fig107_28_el_Pickering_production_bundle
AECL1232 x 72294 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig107_28_el_Pickering_production_bundle.jpgThumbnail Pickering 28 Element
Westinghouse came up with the final production design of the Pickering 28 element bundle. It had brazed spacers and bearing pads and a classical simple end plate design proposed by an accountant.
fig108_CGE_28_el_brazed_pad_dev_bundle
AECL1360 x 92591 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig108_CGE_28_el_brazed_pad_dev_bundle.jpgThumbnail 28 Element Development Bundle
GE was now using brazed pads and spacers and again a different end plate design. CGE traded wire wrap technology with Westinghouse for brazed technology.
fig109_Pickering_28_inside_a_PT
AECL1356 x 1085127 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig109_Pickering_28_inside_a_PT.jpgThumbnail 28 Element Pickering Production in P.T.
A closeup of the classical Pickering 28 element end plate with the bundle inside a Zr-Nb 2.5% pressure tube. Note the thickness of the pressure tube. The hoop stress on pressure vessels is directly proportional to diameter; hence the small diameter pressure tube walls can be much thinner than the thick walls required for a PWR pressure vessel. Thin Zr walls do not absorb many neutrons; hence the moderator can be placed outside the fuel area in a low pressure calandria. This is the essence of pressure tube reactor design vs. pressure vessel reactor design.
fig110_Gentilly-1_BLW_18_el_CST
AECL2444 x 1643487 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig110_Gentilly-1_BLW_18_el_CST.jpgThumbnail Gentilly-1 with CST
The fuel for the Gentilly-1 was maximized by large diameter elements with a central structural tube to hold the 10 bundles in the vertical pressure tubes. The fuel worked well but, with the success of Pickering proven by the mid 70's, the 10 % (approximately) lower TUEC of BLW-type reactors was not big enough to warrant continued operation nor to justify the funding of continued development. In addition, G-1 experienced control problems (related to coolant voiding and the use of direct cycle heat transport system) and serious service water system corrosion problems. Hence, the plant was shut down and decommissioned.
fig111_Early_37_el_bundle
AECL1267 x 1124116 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig111_Early_37_el_bundle.jpgThumbnail Early Wire Wrap 37 Element
As a backup design to the 28 element Pickering bundle, a 37 element was proposed. This was a hand built solid steel bundle with mechanical wire wrap. The 37 element was later developed for the Bruce and 600 Mwe reactors.
fig112_Gentilly-1_BLW_18_el
AECL1387 x 75378 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig112_Gentilly-1_BLW_18_el.jpgThumbnail Gentilly-1
B&W of Gentilly -1 Boiling Light Water 18 element fuel bundle.
fig113_Bruce_28_element
AECL1372 x 100795 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.22 to WJG
fig113_Bruce_28_element.jpgThumbnail Bruce 28 Element Bundle
nitially it was thought that the 28 element bundle would meet Bruce requirements but when the design of the reactor was uprated, it was necessary to develope the Bruce 37 element, to meet the channel power requirements. Note the staggered plane of bearing pads at end of the bundle to meet Bruce Channel requirements.
fig114_Bruce_37_element_bundle
AECL2288 x 1389322 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig114_Bruce_37_element_bundle.jpgThumbnail Bruce 37 Element Bundle
The Bruce 37 element had minor differences from the other 37 elements that were developed. The end caps were squared and the bearing pads were staggered at each end of the bundle.
fig115_End_view_Bruce_37_el
AECL940 x 948117 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig115_End_view_Bruce_37_el.jpgThumbnail Bruce 37 Element Bundle End View
The end view of the Bruce 37 element bundle. Note the grounding electrode marks of the resistance welder.
fig116_Bruce_37_el_hands
AECL1105 x 81199 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig116_Bruce_37_el_hands.jpgThumbnail Bruce 37 Element Bundle with Hands
This photo gives a perspective of the size of the Bruce 37 element bundle relative to the man’s gloved hands. The bundles weighed approx 50 lbs and were 49.5 cm long and 10 cm in diameter.
fig117_End_view_Bruce_booster_rod
AECL1093 x 1047135 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig117_End_view_Bruce_booster_rod.jpgThumbnail Bruce Booster End View
The Bruce booster rods were designed to extend the window of the period shut before the Xenon poison prevented reactor startup. They were manufactured from enriched uranium Zircaloy alloy which was co-extruded with Zircaloy. The six 18 element bundles in an assembly was held together by ferrules and belly bands and strung together on a central structural tube. They had limited use in Bruce and were withdrawn from service.
fig118a_Bruce_booster_37_el
AECL1005 x 1074125 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig118a_Bruce_booster_37_el.jpgThumbnail Bruce 37 Element Bundle and Booster
The comparative sizes of a Bruce Booster bundle and the 37 element bundle.
fig118b_Bruce_ Booster_ rod_ Assembly
AECL2156 x 2740564 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-223 to WJG
fig118b_Bruce_ Booster_ rod_ Assembly.jpgThumbnail Bruce Booster Rod Assembly
This drawing of the Bruce Booster Rod Assembly demonstrates how it is assembled into a complete rod of six bundles.
fig119_Gentilly-2_600_MWe_37_el
AECL1374 x 703120 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-22 to WJG
fig119_Gentilly-2_600_MWe_37_el.jpgThumbnail Gentilly-2 600 MWe Reactor 37 Element Bundle
The Gentilly 2 600 MWe reactor 37 element bundle differed from the Bruce 37 in that the end caps were conical to accommodate the fueling machine side stops and the end bearing pads were not staggered. When the Bruce 37 and the 600 MWe 37 were irradiated together, this irradiation was paid for by the Common Programme between Ontario Hydro and AECL. This programme grew into the CANDEV (CANDU Development) programme funded by the utilities and AECL. This was later formalized into the CANDU Owners Group (COG) programme of all the nuclear utilities, this supported and funded common development programmes. The 600 MWe 37 element fuel bundle is been used in the folowing reactors: Gentilly-2, Quebec; Point Lepreau, New Brunswick; Cordoba, Argentina; Cernavoda, Romania; four reactors at Wolsung, South Korea; and two in China.
fig120_Bruce_booster_Pickering_28_Bruce600_MWe_37_els
AECL1397 x 883163 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig120_Bruce_booster_Pickering_28_Bruce600_MWe_37_els.jpgThumbnail Gentilly-1 with CST, Pickering 28 Element, Bruce 37 Element, Gentilly-2/600 MW(e) Prototype
A comparison of the Bruce booster bundle with the power reactor fuel bundles for Pickering A & B, Bruce A& B 37 element and the Gentilly-2 600 MWe reactors.
fig121_Bruce_Fueling_Machine
AECL1492 x 1182210 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG
fig121_Bruce_Fueling_Machine.jpgThumbnail Bruce Fueling Machine
fig122_Fuel_Eng_Coat_of_Arms
AECL1195 x 1736253 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-21 to WJG, The Fuel Engineering Coat of Arms was designed many decades ago by Alan Lane and Ron Page for an Engineering Ball at Deep River.
fig122_Fuel_Eng_Coat_of_Arms.jpgThumbnail Fuel Engineering Coat of Arms
The coat of arms is protected by AECL Proprietary and Final Preliminary Draft. The shield is divided into quadrants by red tape. Superimposed on it is a bastard bundle. The upper left quadrant represents the engineering terms of fuel behaviour. The upper right quadrant represents terms developed in manufacture of fuel. The lower left quadrant represents terms of heat transfer and corrosion. The lower right quadrant represents the mystical chemical symbols of the coolant chemistry. Above the shield is the Omnipresent bull moose of our founder Dr. Ara J. Mooradian. Superimposed is a bird cage representing a fuel carriage. Above which is the loop rampant and unstable. Underneath the shield is the banner burnt at both ends by Burnup and Burnout. Upon which the motto is inscribed ‘Caveat Emptor’ - ‘Let the buyer beware’ or ‘If it fails do not blame us!’ Below which rests ‘The never completed final report’.
fig201_Double_Length_Bundle
AECL992 x 1286120 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-22 to WJG
fig201_Double_Length_Bundle.jpgThumbnail Double Length Bundle
There was always the question of double length bundles as the fueling machines magazines were two bundles long. I always had great doubts of it’s practicability. Late in the programme a couple of bundles were built. The dimensional stability of the bundle was poor due the long elements. There was a large problem in trying to find a means of making a rigid plane in the center plane of the bundle to improve the stability of the elements. The handling of the 100 lb. bundle presented too many problems both in manufacture and at the stations. It was not developed further.
fig202_25_ton_flask_over_NRU
AECL1154 x 1443241 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-22 to WJG
fig202_25_ton_flask_over_NRU.jpgThumbnail 25-Ton Flask over NRU Research Reactor
The 25 ton flask is used to remove irradiated fuel strings from the U-2 and U-1 loop test sections in the NRU research reactor at Chalk River.
fig203_J-rod_Flask_over_NRU
AECL1139 x 1442199 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-22 to WJG
fig203_J-rod_Flask_over_NRU.jpgThumbnail J-Rod Flask over NRU Research Reactor
The NRU reactor was the first reactor in the world to use on-power fueling. That was way back in the late 1950's. It is still operating as of August 2001 but it is reaching the end of its useful live and needs replacing. All the power reactor fuel bundles were tested for performance in this reactor, either in the U-2 or U-1 light water cooled loops. Each loop test section could accommodate six bundles vertically in a string.
fig204_Universal_Hot_Cells
AECL1441 x 1183264 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-22 to WJG
fig204_Universal_Hot_Cells.jpgThumbnail Universal Hot Cells
The Universal Hot Cells were used to examine irradiated fuel bundles and to disassemble the strings of fuel. The fuel bundles were examined and measured for dimensional changes and individual elements were cut out of the bundles for more detailed examinations.
fig205_Bundle in Hot Cells
AECL1437 x 1125143 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-22 to WJG
fig205_Bundle in Hot Cells.jpgThumbnail Bundle in Hot Cells
A 19 element fuel bundle being remotely moved by special tongs in the hot cells. This bundle had been irradiated to over 8,500 Mwd/tonne U at a heat rating of 43 W/cm. Note the circumferential ridges at the UO2 pellet interfaces.
fig206_Milling_the_end_plate
AECL1437 x 1114156 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-22 to WJG
fig206_Milling_the_end_plate.jpgThumbnail Milling the End Plate
To disassemble a fuel bundle in the hot cells remotely, the end plates were cut apart by a milling machine.
fig207_Fuel_bundle_carriage
AECL1432 x 1049139 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-22 to WJG
fig207_Fuel_bundle_carriage.jpgThumbnail Fuel Bundle Carriage
For fuel bundle testing in the verticle loops at NRU, six fuel bundles were assembled via a fuel carriage tensioned at one end with a spring, sometimes called a ‘birdcage’. The six bundle assembly was essentially 1/2 of a CANDU fuel channel.
fig208_Bundle_strength_testing
AECL1438 x 1040179 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-22 to WJG
fig208_Bundle_strength_testing.jpgThumbnail Bundle Strength Testing
Each type of bundle was strength tested in a compression test rig at temperature before and after irradiation. Irradiated bundles were some times stronger than the limit of the machine capabilities. These test was necessary to ensure that the bundles could withstand the fueling machine and hydraulic loads.
fig901_Fuel_Bundle_Development
AECL2860 x 2208749 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-22 to WJG
fig901_Fuel_Bundle_Development.jpgThumbnail Development of Fuel Bundle for Power Reactor
Generic diagram of what the central role that fuel played and what teams had to coordinate to get the various fuel programmes designed and into production.
fig902_Fuel_Engineering_center_of_Universe
AECL2838 x 2241571 KB
Ron Page, email 2001.08.20-22 to WJG
fig902_Fuel_Engineering_center_of_Universe.jpgThumbnail AECL Fuel Development Organisation
Specific diagram of what the central role that fuel played and what teams had to coordinate to get the various fuel programmes designed and into production.
Spent_Fuel_Handling
1163 x 886402 KB
William Snook, email 2001.10.02 to WJG image file Some_tec.pdf (1 of 8)
Spent_Fuel_Handling.jpgThumbnail Spent Fuel Handling
Expand/Collapse SI : 38000 Heavy Water Management ‎(1)
19980103_015
AECL1024 x 768256 KB
19980103.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 3 Moderator, HTS, Heavy Water,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980103_015.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Heavy Water Shipment
Expand/Collapse SI : 40000 Turbine, Generator and Auxiliaries ‎(11)
19980102_003
AECL1024 x 768275 KB
19980102.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 2 Reactor and Fuel Handling,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980102_003.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Turbine Rotor
19980104_003
AECL1024 x 768248 KB
19980104.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 4 Main Steam and T/G Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980104_003.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Main Steam System
19980104_004
AECL1024 x 768487 KB
19980104.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 4 Main Steam and T/G Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980104_004.jpgThumbnail Point Lepreau Turbine-Generator
19980104_005
AECL1024 x 768233 KB
19980104.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 4 Main Steam and T/G Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980104_005.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Turbine-Generator, Feedwater
19980104_006
AECL1024 x 76884 KB
19980104.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 4 Main Steam and T/G Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980104_006.jpgThumbnail Generic - Station Heat Balance
20100100_Page_32_Image_0001
AECL1639 x 1136111 KB
CANTEACH 20100100. pdf, ACR1000 Technical Description Summary, 10820-01372-230-002 Revision 1
20100100_Page_32_Image_0001.jpgThumbnail ACR-1000 Turbine Generator and Auxiliaries Flow Diagram
Chapter2-image13
UNENE1016 x 704480 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 2, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter2-image13.jpegThumbnail 600 MW steam turbine for nuclear unit
Chapter2-image14
UNENE994 x 707423 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 2, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter2-image14.jpegThumbnail Turbine generator for nuclear unit
Chapter6-image054
UNENE1280 x 72064 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image054.gifThumbnail Typical advanced PWR secondary cooling system
Chapter6-image055
UNENE1280 x 72069 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 6, by Nikola Popov, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter6-image055.gifThumbnail Typical CANDU 6 secondary cooling system
Chapter8-image21
UNENE1166 x 951189 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 8, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter8-image21.jpegThumbnail Secondary side schematic
Steam and feedwater system for a CANDU reactor.
Expand/Collapse SI : 50000 Electric Power Systems ‎(2)
19980104_009
AECL1024 x 768181 KB
19980104.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 4 Main Steam and T/G Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980104_009.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Connections to Grid & Plant
19980104_010
AECL1024 x 768274 KB
19980104.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 4 Main Steam and T/G Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980104_010.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Station Power Distribution Systems
Expand/Collapse SI : 60000 Instrumentation and Control ‎(13)
19980104_007
AECL1024 x 768320 KB
19980104.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6- Part 4 Main Steam and T/G Systems,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980104_007.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Overall Station Control
19980106_004
AECL1024 x 768194 KB
19980106.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 6 CANDU Reactor Control,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980106_004.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Control Computer Schematic
19980106_005
AECL1024 x 768325 KB
19980106.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 6 CANDU Reactor Control,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980106_005.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Logic Blocks
19980106_006
AECL1024 x 768338 KB
19980106.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 6 CANDU Reactor Control,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980106_006.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Instrumentation
19980106_007
AECL1024 x 768192 KB
19980106.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 6 CANDU Reactor Control,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980106_007.jpgThumbnail CANDU Self-Powered Flux Detectors
19980106_008
AECL1024 x 768268 KB
19980106.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 6 CANDU Reactor Control,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980106_008.jpgThumbnail CANDU Ion Chambers
19980106_009
AECL1024 x 768350 KB
19980106.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 6 CANDU Reactor Control,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980106_009.jpgThumbnail CANDU6 Control Actions
19980106_010
AECL1024 x 768190 KB
19980106.pdf - Introduction to CANDU 6 - Part 6 CANDU Reactor Control,  by D.A. Meneley and Y.Q. Ruan,  Overheads for a course presented at Xi'an Jiaotong University, 1998-09-22 to 25
19980106_010.jpgThumbnail CANDU Zone Control Unit
Chapter1-image11
UNENE1180 x 1427198 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 1 by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter1-image11.jpegThumbnail Lagging and leading plant operation
Chapter9-image14
UNENE1211 x 861192 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 9, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter9-image14.jpegThumbnail Boiler level control
Three element steam generator level control system (courtesy of NB Power).
Chapter9-image15
UNENE1363 x 1081341 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 9, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter9-image15.jpegThumbnail SG control
Steam generator level alarms and set points (courtesy of NB Power).
Chapter9-image2
UNENE1431 x 1272281 KB
The Essential CANDU, Editor-in-Chief: Wm. J. Garland, Chapter 9, by Robin Chaplin, UNENE, https://unene.ca/education/candu-textbook, 2015
Chapter9-image2.jpegThumbnail Basic plant control system
RMdeck-Bruce B
OPG2610 x 17451067 KB
David Brown, with permission.
RMdeck-Bruce B.jpgThumbnail Bruce B Reactivity Deck